Advertisement After reigning for 25 years, Mansa Musa died in 1337. Amazing ancient mosque Beautiful tribute to an ancient era when Timbuktu was the City of Gold. Share. New York City, New York 238 contributions 108 helpful votes. Despite a French military intervention that began in 2013, and the deployment of 10,000 UN peacekeepers across northern Mali, armed fundamentalists continue to be active, and Timbuktu’s mosques prime targets for their sledgehammers. Even under modern scrutiny, Emperor Moussa I’s wealth comes out on top; in 2012, celebritynetworth.com proclaimed him the richest man ever to have lived. History During the 14th century AD, the town prospered and the Djinguereber and Sankoré mosques were constructed during the reign of Kankan Moussa, the ruler of Mali. They are, as the builders of Timbuktu say, “God’s gift to the poor for building.” The only expense involved in collecting the material – which is cut from the ground with pickaxes, rather like peat – is the amount charged by local tip-truck operators and their labourers. Constructed from the very earth on which it stands, Timbuktu’s oldest mosque is at the heart of daily life in the ancient city, loyally maintained by the proud descendants of its original builders, Last modified on Wed 23 Sep 2020 15.30 BST. Image. The method is durable but requires regular maintenance. rafa_carrion. The 14th century Djinguereber mosque in Timbuktu, Mali, is one of the most famous examples of Sudano Sahelian architecture, and it contains considerable structural stone masonry features that are normally obscured from view by a thick coat of mud plaster. The UN blunder is a speck on Djinguereber’s proud history. Djinguereber mosque, in common with most buildings in city-centre Timbuktu, is constructed in mud brick; more elegantly known as “earthen architecture”. This drastically increases the price of resources needed to restore the mosque, as building materials aren't readily available anymore.. More than 100,000 people once lived in Timbuktu, but today it is a small town of 20,000 people on the edge of the Sahara Desert. Djinguereber Mosque. Efforts to repair and raise the walls of the mosque have been ongoing, but there is still a one-meter difference between the roof height in 1952 and today. , On 1 July 2012, Islamic extremists of the Ansar Dine (Defenders of Faith) began destroying Timbuktu's cultural treasures shortly after UNESCO placed them on a list of endangered World Heritage sites. Background: As stated on the UNESCO webpage, Timbuktu is an African city located near the gateway of the Sahara Desert. It was inscribed on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1988, and in 1990 was considered to be in danger due to sand encroachment. The masons in charge of the project locally clearly have good technical expertise; however, there is a need to document what they are doing on an on-going basis and to record the starting point for their work. OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR. Located at the western corner of the old town, the mosque is almost entirely built in banco (raw earth), which is used for mud bricks and rendering. Except for a small part of the northern facade, which was reinforced in the 1960s in alhore (limestone blocks, also widely used in the rest of the town), and the minaret, also built in limestone and rendered with mud, the Djingareyber Mosque is made entirely of earth plus organic materials such as fibre, straw and wood. Now we have to import hardwood from Ghana at great expense.”. The conical minaret recalls the Egyptian pyramids.”, “Thanks to Kankou Moussa Timbuktu ceased to be a vulgar centre of trade, in gold, slaves and salt, and became a centre of learning and religion. Share your own pictures and descriptions with GuardianWitness. Retired headmaster and local historian Salem Ould Elhadje says no one knows where Kankou Moussa – the “king of kings” as he is known in Mali – established his capital, or even if he had one. Digging banco, the primary building material for mosques and old buildings in Timbuktu. To extremists, Timbuktu’s ancient form of Islam - in which superstition and magic cohabit with the teachings of the Qur’an - is heresy.  A four-year project towards the restoration and rehabilitation of the Mosque began in June 2006, and is being conducted and financed by the Aga Khan Trust for Culture. Timbuktu was also an important city for the affluent king, who used his wealth to build schools, universities, libraries, and mosques there. Timbuktu is located on a bend in the Niger River in the modern nation of Mali. English: The Djinguereber Mosque — also Djinguere Ber, Djingareyber, Djingarey Ber, and Djingareiber (mosque). … Several celebrated archives were established in the city, including the Djinguereber Mosque, built in 1327, and the Sidi Yahya madrassa dating back to 1440. However, it is important to note that a balance between new technical solutions and preserving traditional and regular practices of maintenance of the mosque which were typically carried out by local craftsmen must be found. According to Ibn Khaldun, one of the best known sources for 14th century Mali, says al-Sahili was given 12,000 mithkals of gold dust for his designing and building of the djinguereber … “The climate has changed and borassus palms do not grow here any more. , On 26 February 2010, during Mawlid (festival to mark the birth anniversary of Prophet Muhammad), a stampede at the mosque killed around 26 people and injured at least 55 others- mostly women and children. Date of experience: September 2017. cit., p. 348. The Djinguereber Mosque, Timbuktu, Mali. Sankore Mosque, Timbuktu. The Sankore Mosque, Timbuktu, Mali. Helpful. Sidi Yahya's mausoleum was destroyed on 2 July 2012 following the Battle of Gao and Timbuktu. Only recent attention on northern Mali – including a 2012 Jihadist occupation – has disrupted the gentle routine built around five prayers a day and an annual “restoration week” that triggers a DIY frenzy in the city’s homes. The protruding beams are a reminder of European buttresses. Planned Minusma projects to improve the road system of Timbuktu will widen the availability of banco to additional sites.”. We do not have the choice because of the fuel price.”, A Minusma spokesperson said the land for the UN super camp was chosen by the Malian government: “We are not aware to what extent the government coordinated its decision with local officials. Parts of Timbuktu’s historic centre, including the Djingareyber Mosque, are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Takrit scribes in Cairo – through which the miles-long camel caravan of the king of the vast Mali Empire passed – said his wealth and generosity was unlike any they had seen. Indeed climate change long ago relegated Timbuktu from its status as an oasis ringed with mango trees and criss-crossed by canals. Sidi Yahya is a mosque and madrassa of Timbuktu in Mali which finished construction in 1440. But its history, coupled with the pleasing sound of its three syllables, have made it a megalopolis in the human imagination ever since Emperor Moussa I built Djinguereber after returning from Mecca in 1327. Whatever the cost, Mahanmoudou and his team will always track down banco to patch up the mosque. This work had included drainage and paving around the mosque, re-rendering walls in bad condition and in one zone of the roof, replacing around 50% of the beams, above which was a heavy build-up of mud plaster. Lorry owner Babayé Tandina says the residents of Timbuktu are furious: “We used to collect banco next to airport. But some things have changed in the last 690 years, says the head of the carpenters’ corporation, 55-year-old Diadjé Mahmane Maiga. At the heart of it, Djinguereber was and remains a marvel of architecture where, when 2,000 people line up for prayers on a Friday, you feel the greatness of God and Islam in your soul.”. 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