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describe the policies of akbar

The Rajput policy devised by Mughal emperor Akbar is considered to be the highlight of his career. Akbar the Great, Muslim emperor of India, established a sprawling kingdom through military conquests but is known for his policy of religious tolerance. He allowed his Hindu wives to worship their own gods. Akbar the Great's tolerance of other religions is also noticeable in his marriages to women of various faiths, most noteably Jodha Bai, a Hindu daughter of the House of Jaipur. Its last volume is called the Ain-i-Akbari. ADVERTISEMENTS: In 1583-84 occurred the Gujarat Rebellion. Akbar’s rule was marked by wide religious tolerance and liberal outlook. These discussions took place in ibadat Khana . 2. People tended to develop more religious tolerance towards one another. He realized that to establish a strong empire, he had to gain the confidence of his Hindu people who were the majority in India. According to Abu'l-Fazl, the emperor was a universal agent of god, and so his sovereignty was not bound to any single faith. He was looking forward to the troubles convulsing Badakhshan and he was more concerned with them. It contains elaborate discussion of the broad features of administration laid down by Akbar. The peasants were saved from the caprices and whims of the Zamindars and Jagirdars. He gained popularity from different groups when he allowed temples to be built, or when he eradicated jizya. MUGHAL INDIA – TUTORIAL 2 MUGHAL-RAJPUT RELATIONS IN AKBAR’S REIGN The evolution of relations between the Mughals and the Rajputs during the reign of Akbar can be placed within more than one historical context. The Mughals ruled over India for about 200 years from 1526 through the early part of the 18th century. However, it is also accepted that the policy of sulh-i-kul, which formed the essence of Dīn-i Ilāhī, was adopted by Akbar as a part of general imperial administrative policy. In pursuance of this policy, Akbar entered into matrimonial alliances with the Rajput rulers. Short notes on the Deccan Policy of the Mughals. We find that that conflicts were both inter-religious and intra-religious. Akbar was the greatest of the Mughal emperors. - the answers to estudyassistant.com Akbar’s policy towards Rajput was combined with broad religious toleration. He had equal respect for all religion and did not discriminate between his subjects on the basis of religion. The crux of Akbar's religious beliefs was his faith in monotheism or Tauhid-i-Ilahi. Most controversial policies of Akbar include abolition of jizya, immunity given to Hindu pandits and European Jesuits at the Ibadat Khana, prohibition of cow-slaughter, marriage reforms, discipleship, etc. CBSE > Class 07 > Social Science 1 answers; Yogita Ingle 2 years, 1 month ago. Akber was profoundly religious himself, yet he never sought to enforce his own religious views on anyone; be it prisoners of war, or Hindu wives or the common people in his kingdom. Religious Policy. Akbar's actions and policies had a long lasting effect on the people of his empire. This was the so called The peasants must have welcomed the policy of saving the cows, 4)ufTaIoes, camels and oxen and the maintaining of pastures. Din-i-ilahi was a religious path suggested by Akbar. Bhara Mal, the ruler of Amber, married his younger daughter Harkha Bai to Akbar. Akbar ordered that the settlement should be concluded for past 10 years. So, the religious policies of both Akbar and Aurangzeb are the most differing, according to the stances taken by them. Social, Cultural and Economic Institutions ... 134 7. Answer: 2 question A) Describe ONE way in which Akbar’s actions in sponsoring the translations discussed in the passage are similar to actions taken by rulers of other empires during the period 1450–1750. In 1562, he abolished jiziya. He gave great importance to choice and abolished discriminatory taxes based on religion. They were allowed to hold their ancestral territories, provided that they acknowledged Akbar as emperor, paid tribute, supplied troops when required, and concluded a marriage alliance with him. Berar. While Akbar was at Fatehpur Sikri, he started a discussion on religion with the ulemas, Brahmanas, Jesuit priests who were Roman … One of the major intra-religious conflict was between the Shia and Sunni sects. Before examining Akbar’s religious policies, one should also pay heed to the religious challenges posed to the emperor during his reign. Finally, the Marathas and the British brought about its fall and disintegration. Akbar was a Muslim. He could have very well undertaken a campaign in the Deccan but he did not. Administration ... 70 6. Akbar’s works are found in the book Akbarnama written by Abul Fazal. Q6: Describe the Rajput policy of Akbar? He abolished the pilgrim tax and later the jiziya. Objectives . It’s Akbar’s religious policy that made way to his name in the history pages. Akbar's armies also conquered Kabul, Sind and Baluchistan. T he religious policy of Akbar was extremely liberal. That's where Akbar was educated and took to journalism." In pursuance of this policy, Akbar entered into matrimonial alliances with the Rajput rulers. An aggregate of the rate of revenues from 1570 to 1579 was made and a decennial average was fixed as demand of the revenue. Akbar: Evolution of religious and social outlook, theory of Sulh-i-kul and religious policy: Part II (3) The Third Phase (1581-1605): Akbar's own religious ideas and beliefs crystallized slowly during the last phase. Akbar’s Religious Policy. In this context describe: His policy of racial pacification and religious tolerance. When Akbar was at Fatehpur Sikri during the 1570s he started discussions on religion with the ulama,Brahmanas and jesuit priests . Read this comprehensive essay on Akbar the Great (1542 AD – 1605 AD) ! His aim was to wipe out the differences that kept people apart and to bring about unity among them. •Summarize the policies of Akbar that strengthened Mughal India. He openly pronounced his faith in the principle of universal toleration and tried to eliminate the deeprooted antagonism of Muslims towards Hindus. After his death the sun of the Mughals began to decline. He formed strong and stable empire with the help of Rajputs, a martial clan among Hindus and he could get rid of the influ­ence of his own conspirator nobles and kinsmen. Akbar’s Religious Policy. Abul Fazl wrote a book titled Akbar Nama. The religious policy of Akbar is known as 'Din-e-ilahi', which literally means the integrity of all the religions. His reforms included a liberal policy toward the non-Muslims, religious innovations, the land revenue system and the famous Mansabdari system. Referring to the Vogue article by Ramani , Luthra pointed out that Ramani had used the following words to describe Akbar: "You were one of my professional heroes." Answer: His Policy of Conciliation and Synthesis: Akbar sought to bring about racial and religious conciliation in the country. Akbar was a very judicious ruler who reformed the judicial system according to the Hindu laws. Describe the religious policies of the Akbar Share with your friends. Delhi and Agra were threatened by Hemu—the Hindu general of the Sūr ruler, ʿĀdil Shah—and Mughal governors were being driven from all parts of northern India. a)Describe ONE way in which Akbar’s actions in sponsoring the translations discussed in the passage are similar to actions taken by rulers of other empires during the period 1450–1750. Akbar. Akbar followed the same feudal policy toward the other Rajput chiefs. Akbar’s Rajput policy proved extremely success- ; ful for Mughal Empire and is considered as the best examples of his diplomatic skills. 3.1 - Describe ONE way in which Akbar's response to religious diversity compared to the practices of the Mongols during the 13th century. Like many of the sufis, Akbar believed that communion with God… Akbar’s nobles commanded large armies and had access to large amounts of revenue. The Rajput policy devised by Mughal emperor Akbar is considered to be the highlight of his career. Akbar also took a Christian wife, Maria Zamani Begum, who had her own chapel in one of Akbar's palaces. Akbar's legacy of religious toleration, firm but fair central control, and liberal tax policies that gave commoners a chance to prosper established a precedent in India that can be traced forward in the thinking of later figures such as Mohandas Gandhi. •Describe the impact of the Delhi sultanate on India. The greatest of the Mughal's emperors, Akbar, attempted the creation of a national identity for India by his numerous reforms, literal and cultural development, and policies of integration and organization. He was a true democrat who valued the feelings and … Rajput Policy of Akbar shaped up by the following factors: To enter into the largest military labour market in India in order to suppress Afghans and to break the monopoly of Mughal nobles. The Rajput policy of Akbar was unique as it not only helped to end the long drawn conflict between the Rajputs and Mughal ruler but also helped Akbar in the consolidation of his empire. Akbar’s Policies. Reference may be made to the reforms made by Akbar in the field of Sayurghals. From 1595 to 1601 the Mughal forces remained busy in the annexation of Berar, Khandesh and parts of Ahmadnagar. Personality and Character ... 162 Bibliography... 171. The specific economic and strategic importance of Rajasthan. It resulted in the development of a composite culture. Akbar’s religious policies. •Explain why Muslim and Hindu traditions clashed and how they blended. This brought certainty to collections and alleviated the problem of peasants to great extent. Perhaps, the most abhorred was the Akbar’s promulgation in 1582 of the Din-i Ilahi (The Divine Faith). Right to Education (RTE) 1. He abolished the pilgrimage Tax and Reziya. Describe Rajput policy of Akbar Report ; Posted by Vishnu Byju 2 years, 1 month ago. Akbar was the greatest of all medieval rulers of India. At that time, there was hardly any trouble in the transfrontier regions. Akbar became the de jure king in 1556 at the age of 13 when his father died. Religious policy of Akbar: Akbar was liberal-minded and tolerant of other religions. Luthra spoke at length about Akbar being "an honourable and respectable man", listing his achievements as a journalist, author and an MP. They both wanted to look out for the well-being of their people by developing educational opportunities and the translations of sacred books. Evolution of Akbar’s Religious Policy ... 49 5. India - India - The reign of Akbar the Great: Akbar (ruled 1556–1605) was proclaimed emperor amid gloomy circumstances. Ans : Rajputs were the most powerful rivals of Mughals in north India. Akbar divided his kingdom into provinces called subas governed by a Subedar. 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