T : 248-696-6000 E : [email protected]

@

king lear going mad

“Do, kill thy physician, and the fee bestow. His eldest daughters both then reject him at their homes, so Lear goes mad and wanders through a storm. Lear delivers these lines after he has been driven to the end of his rope by the cruelties of Goneril and Regan (2.4.259–281). Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal These jokes point out that Lear has behaved foolishly in giving his kingdom away, but they also foreshadow that Lear will take the Fool’s place by losing his wits. KENT. Any man fit to be King knows that a strong empire cannot be divided in two so easily and keep its glory. In reflection it has become very clear that the famous oxy-moron penned by Shakespeare is a perfect encapsulation of King Lear himself. In between his fits of insanity, Lear speaks of Goneril’s and Regan’s betrayals. Kent has witnessed Lear’s decision, and as his loyal friend tries to help him understand his mistake before it is too late. SCENE I. “Through tattered clothes great vices do appear; Robes and furred gowns hide all. 96:2 (November 1998).Delany, Paul. Through his pain and suffering he acknowledges that he is going mad and, at first asks the gods to intervene, “O, let me not be mad, not mad, sweet heaven! Lear's descent toward madness is foretold further, and more explicitly, when he cries, "O fool, I shall go mad!" I would not be mad. To shut me out! ... LEAR [to KENT, giving him letters] Go you before to Gloucester with these letters. How now! This mistake coincides with the fact that he banished his one truthful and loving daughter, Cordelia. Storm still. He understands that someone with wealth and influence will never be charged with the crimes they have committed, whereas the less influential citizens, will be charged and many times sentenced to death. Lear understands that these people cannot afford food, shelter, or clothes, while he and his family live in luxury. How King Lear turned Mad King George III even madder after he was given a copy of Shakespeare's play while struggling with mental illness. Lear’s blindness causes him to go mad but by the time Lear realized his death sentence was alright written and it was too late. I would not be mad. King Lear - an Aristotelian Tragic Hero. Once Lear has lost his mind, he comprehends the issue with much more wisdom and knowledge than before. The monologues are organized by play, then categorized by comedy, history and tragedy. Not only does Lear prove that he shows madness in reason, but throughout the play he demonstrates some reason after he has gone mad. When Lear made this mistake, he left himself completely reliant on his two daughters that could not be trusted. ... but because the story of a mad king is an immortal tale. His other two children, Goneril and Regan,... Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. Lear ultimately proved that sometimes sanity is in the eye of the beholder as he made the grave error of banishing Cordelia and Kent, however he became a better father and King during his break from sanity. Each daughter will offer a testimony of love to him, and the daughter who gives the best speech will receive the best piece of land. Your online site for school work help and homework help. Before he goes mad, he banishes both Kent and Cordelia; however during his lapse in sanity he sees the error of his ways and grows as a King and as a father. LEAR. Actually understand King Lear Act 1, Scene 5. (1977).MacDonald, Russ. Out in the storm, Lear begins to go mad—“My wits begin to turn” (King Lear, 3.2.68). Tutor and Freelance Writer. King Lear is set in the kind of world in which Gloucester can say, "As flies to wanton boys are we to … Science Teacher and Lover of Essays. answer! Act III, Scene i . MADNESS IN SHAKESPEARE'S TRAGEDIES AND MADNESS OF KING LEAR WITH QUOTATIONS' and find homework help for other King Lear questions at … O fool, I shall go mad! GONERIL 'Tis his own blame; hath put himself from rest, He then divides his land in two, and gives each half to one of his unfaithful daughters. Who's there, besides … While under the grips of mental illness, Lear is analyzing his kingdom and the way it is being run, and he makes very wise comments on how it should be improved. For lifting food to‘t? By the information given above I'm sure that you can deduce that it is a tragedy. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. The following key quotes highlight the play’s focus on the ability to trust one’s own senses, the divide between nature and culture, and the often fraught relationship between truth and language. Or whilst I can vent clamor from my throat, I’ll tell thy dost evil.”(Act I, scene I lines 63-66). Lear may not be mad when the play opens, but he is far from rational. In this song those who weep in happiness are the ‘daughters’ that the Fool claims Lear has turned into ‘thy mothers’ (1.4.173); by contrast, the Fool sings in ‘sorrow’ that Lear has handed over authority to his children. One of William Shakespeare's most famous plays, King Lear is the story of a legendary king who bequeaths his kingdom to two of his three daughters, based on how well they flatter him. A fact that he chose to ignore throughout his reign of power, and most importantly, while he was capable of making sane decisions. ... LEAR. 2695; Edgar. Lear. Given that he has already divided his kingdom between his three daughters, his public love-test makes no sense. King Lear is a tragedy by Shakespeare, in which the title character goes mad. A quote from Act I shows Cordelia being honest to her father. He is also aware of the fact that there is corruption everywhere, and that the poor citizens are treated unjustly. This quote shows Lear’s feeling towards the homeless of his kingdom. (II.4.281). Act I Summary: scene i: Gloucester and Kent, loyal to King Lear, objectively discuss his division of the kingdom (as Lear is preparing to step down) and to which dukes, Cornwall and Albany, they believe it will equally fall.Kent is introduced to Gloucester's illegitimate son, Edmund. Lear can see that the impoverished citizens of his kingdom stand no chance of survival. “‘An Excellent Thing in Woman’: Virgo and Viragos in King Lear,” Modern Philology: A Journal Devoted to Research in Medieval and Modern Literature. Kayla M. Weber is a standout in “King Lear.” Photo / Theatre Ventoux Director Broderic Beard, working with a group of 10 diligent actors, offers a stripped-down version of the tragedy, with a bare stage and muted costumes giving the production a barren and parched feel, not unlike what I imagine the state of Lear’s muddled mind. Let us do your homework! Enter Gentleman. Cordelia clearly explains that she will always be there for his father, and that she loves him as any true daughter should. It tells the tale of a king who bequeaths his power and land to two of his three daughters, after they declare their love for him in a fawning and obsequious manner. Goneril in King Lear: Character Analysis & Monologue, King Lear's Daughters: Names & Character Analysis, The Marriage of Heaven and Hell by Blake: Summary & Poem Analysis, John Ruskin's Unto this Last: Summary & Explanation, David Copperfield: Character Analysis & Overview, Prometheus Unbound by Shelley: Summary & Analysis, Ben Jonson's Volpone: Summary, Analysis & Characters, Man and Superman by Shaw: Summary, Characters & Analysis, Defoe's Moll Flanders: Summary & Analysis, The Mill on the Floss by George Eliot: Summary, Analysis and Themes, Christopher Marlowe's Edward II: Summary & Concept, Jonathan Swift and Satire: Examples and Analysis, Coleridge's Dejection: An Ode - Analysis and Summary, John Stuart Mill's The Subjection of Women: Summary & Analysis, Milton's Areopagitica: Summary & Analysis, The Duchess of Malfi by John Webster: Summary, Analysis & Themes, Introduction to T.S. Pour on, I will endure. Lear will have none of this and quickly banishes his most loyal friend, only reinforcing the idea that he is acting like a madman, while he still has his sanity. Lear himself suspects that he might go mad: “O let me not be mad, not mad, sweet heaven!” (I.v), and shortly before his madness begins he foresees it: “I shall go mad” (II.ii). To reiterate, the paradox explains how the sane characters act with insanity, and the characters that have gone mad, show more insight and act normal-minded. Lear is quoted as saying everyone sins and that no one should be sentenced unfairly. I would not be mad. It is apparent that in some ways he can see more truth than when he had his sanity, an obvious sign that King Lear shows much reason in madness. King Lear goes mad because he has, through his own folly, lost the only daughter who truly loved him. Professional writers in all subject areas are available and will meet your assignment deadline. King Lear is widely regarded as Shakespeare's crowning artistic achievement. Or ere I'll weep. The scenes in which a mad Lear rages naked on a stormy heath against his deceitful daughters and nature itself are considered by many scholars to be the finest example of tragic lyricism in the English language. Why does the fool disappear in King Lear? Another quote from Act I has Kent trying to reason with the King. Nature 's above art in that respect. What books did William Shakespeare write? “(aside) O matter and impertinency mixed! Keep me in temper. King Lear goes mad because he has, through his own folly, lost the only daughter who truly loved him. A very true remark, yet different from the way he ruled his kingdom while rational. When his youngest daughter Cordelia refuses, preferring to let her actions speak for her, Lear disowns her. [Exeunt KING LEAR, GLOUCESTER, KENT, and Fool] [Storm and tempest] CORNWALL: Let us withdraw; 'twill be a storm. O thou side-piercing sight! Once Lear is completely mad, he can finally see that his kingdom is flawed and he should have done more to help the starved citizens. Lear's anguish reaches its height when Regan shows herself to be crueler even than Goneril, and with the words "I shall go mad," line 280, he rushes out into a night of wild storm. George III was given a copy of Shakespare's King Lear … No, they cannot touch me for coming; I am the King himself. Wishing to create a smooth transition of power after his eventual death, King Lear announces to his daughters that he plans to split his kingdom between the three of them. Sure, I shall never marry like my sisters, To love my father all.” (Act I, scene I lines 94-104). He is left completely helpless, and his daughters exile him from their homes, the same castles Lear previously gave them. are the horses ready? Lear’s descent toward madness is shown explicitly when he cries, “O fool, I shall go mad!” The fool indirectly leads the king acting as inner-conscience of the king. It’s clear that he understands the mistake he made, and that his daughters feed him lies until they get what they need from. ATTENTION: Please help us feed and educate children by uploading your old homework! Lear is so blind to Regan’s and Goneril’s false love, that Cordelia’s affection seems to pale in comparison. When Cordelia refuses to lie as her sisters did of her affection for him, he refuses to have her in his kingdom. Lear orders his Fool and Kent to seek shelter and then, delivers a speech about the plight of homelessness, which he now experiences first hand. ... William Shakespeare was busy crafting stories of kings going mad and thanes coveting power. A heath. Shakespeare wrote ‘King Lear’ during a plague. A complete database of Shakespeare's Monologues. He rages against them, explaining that their attempts to take away his knights and servants strike at his heart. KING LEAR O, let me not be mad, not mad, sweet heaven Keep me in temper: I would not be mad! Cite this article as: William Anderson (Schoolworkhelper Editorial Team), "Madness in King Lear Essay," in. “Poor naked wretches, whereso’er you are, That bide the pelting of this pitiless storm…, That thou mayst shake the superflux to them, And show the heavens more just. O, let me not be mad, not mad, sweet heaven! Lear’s first entrance on stage is in his formal, rigid palace; next he appears at the lesser homes of his daughters; now he is in the wild. This quote is Edgar’s response to Lear’s surprising outbursts of good sense. It is already clear here, that he displays unclear and rash decision making before he goes mad. Create your account. Fool Thou shouldst not have been old till thou hadst been wise. KING LEAR How's that? Enter Lear, mad, [fantastically dressed with weeds]. Fool She that's a maid now, and laughs at my departure, Gentleman Ready, my lord. However, Shakespeare does something unexpected with Lear’s madness that keeps readers interested in the story hundreds of years after it was written. When they find the hut to use as shelter, Lear encounters a handful of homeless people in the same situation he finds himself in. This isn’t the only instance where Lear demonstrates improved wisdom throughout his spell of madness, here is a quote of Lear showing more insight and wisdom. This quote has Lear reacting to the fact that he has been thrown into a dreadful storm by his daughters. (Act III, scene iv lines15-18). King Lear is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare. 2690 But who comes here? I shall go mad!” (II.iv.286)Lear refuses to deign to stay without his knights at one of his daughters’ homes; instead he chooses to retreat to the woods. Lear also expresses fear for his sanity: "O let me not be mad, not mad, sweet heaven! Is it not as this mouth should tear this hand. TL;DR: King divides kingdom, snubs daughter, goes mad, there's a storm, and everyone dies. King Lear divides his kingdom among the two daughters who flatter him and banishes the third one who loves him. He exhorts the forces of nature to rise up and destroy his ungrateful daughters for their mistreatment of him. “King Lear and the Decline of Feudalism.” Publications of the Modern Language Association of America. Throughout King Lear, blindness is a reoccurring theme. https://schoolworkhelper.net/madness-in-king-lear-essay/, Insanity & Madness in Shakespeare’s King Lear, Wolves: Habitat, Characteristics, Behaviors, Mesoamerican Cultures: Olmecs, Mayas, Aztecs, William Carlos Williams & The Young Housewife, Oliver Twist: Characters, Setting, Style, Audience and Diction, Augustus’ Role in Shaping the Roman Empire, Arthur Miller’s The Crucible: Abigail Williams Analysis, Hiro Murai’s “Guava Island”: Film Analysis, Alice Dunbar Nelson: Poet, Essayist and Activist. King Lear is a tragedy by William Shakespeare about misplaced trust and deception. There's your press money. Reason in. (Act IV, scene vi lines 152-158). What are two ways in which King Lear proves to be going mad or ill? Making it easier to find monologues since 1997. When a person unfit to lead is given power, chaos will ensue, and this is precisely what happens in the play. In the beginning, Lear displays perhaps one of his most fatal errors in the entire play. He realizes that he had the resources to help these people when he was in power. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. After Regan and Goneril treat him with disrespect and deviate from their promises of eternal love, he sees the error in giving them so much power and leaving himself without any. In Scene 5, the king is clearly frightened and apprehensive for his future, although he continues to hope that Regan can be counted upon to provide him with sanctuary. Article last reviewed: 2019 | St. Rosemary Institution © 2010-2020 | Creative Commons 4.0. why was king Lear unable to control of his behavior and madness? The safer sense will ne'er accommodate His master thus. REGAN: This house is little: the old man and his people: 315: Cannot be well bestow'd. You can browse and/or search so you can find a monologue whether you know which one you want, or you're looking for monologue ideas. Tuneful as these sentiments may be, the Fool’s language sharply critiques the king’s behaviour. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q&A library. Instances of mental instability include King Lear’s early abdication and his banishing of Cordelia. What are examples of King lears madness in Act 3? Enter KENT and a Gentleman, meeting. Eliot: Author Background, Works, and Style, Common Core ELA - Literature Grades 11-12: Standards, Common Core ELA - Writing Grades 11-12: Standards, Common Core ELA - Speaking and Listening Grades 9-10: Standards, Common Core ELA - Speaking and Listening Grades 11-12: Standards, Common Core ELA - Language Grades 11-12: Standards, EPT: CSU English Language Arts Placement Exam, CSET English Subtest II (106): Practice & Study Guide, CSET English Subtests I & III (105 & 107): Practice & Study Guide, NYSTCE English Language Arts (003): Practice and Study Guide, FTCE Middle Grades English 5-9 (014): Test Practice & Study Guide, College English Literature: Help and Review, 12th Grade English: Homework Help Resource, 10th Grade English: Homework Help Resource, 9th Grade English: Homework Help Resource, Biological and Biomedical He even uses the statement reason in madness, to perfectly explain the fact that Lear is proving himself to be more wise than before despite his insanity. In Shakespeare’s King Lear it initially appears that the same formula is going to be followed with Lear, a broken old king who has lost everything, running out into a violent storm unprotected. His third daughter gets nothing, because she … Kent clearly asks him to take back his gift to both Albany and Cornwall, as he knows it will be the demise of his kingdom. 92.0030-8129. Lear is considering the sins of the rich and wealthy, in comparison to the sins committed by the lowly and poor. KING LEAR Come, boy. Become a Study.com member to unlock this Lear’s family and kingdom demonstrate a parallel as they are torn apart and conflicts arise immediately. Lear laments that his children are such ingrates but decides that it's best not to go there—dwelling on Goneril and Regan will make him go mad. Free proofreading and copy-editing included. Donald Trump will never really go away, even if he is resoundingly defeated on Tuesday. His other two children, Goneril and Regan,... See full answer below. Reason in madness, madness in reason; this double paradox is used throughout Shakespeare’s play, King Lear, and demonstrates the downfall of both the King and a family of greatness. King Lear is a perfect example of a character that reveals this double paradox to be true. The fool sensibly notes that only those out of doors, meaning themselves, are going to be harmed by the rain. After he leaves the stage, both Goneril and Regan question his abilities, regarding him as a mentally failing old man. Get an answer for 'IS KING LEAR REALLY MAD? All rights reserved. A different perspective of Lear’s obvious reason in madness, is when he is in forest enduring the storm, with the help of Kent and the Fool. King Lear is a perfect example of a character that reveals this double paradox to be true. Edgar is amazed by the fact that Lear is making these comments, as he is unmistakably insane. Lear was his own worst enemy and it ended up costing him his life as well as the life of his most beloved daughter Cordelia. Oh, don't let me go crazy, not crazy, sweet God! King Lear Summary. O fool, I shall go mad! I don't want to go crazy. While Lear is sensible he is blind to the fact that Cordelia is the only truthful daughter, and would care for him should he need it. Services, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Does Albany become king in ''King Lear''? Before he goes mad, he banishes both Kent and Cordelia; however during his lapse in sanity he sees the error of his ways and grows as a King and as a father. Plate sin with gold…, Take that of me, my friend, who have the power, To seal th’accuser’s lips. Keep me in temper, I would not be mad… Lear. During Act II, the symbolic components in addition to the cruelty of Goneril and Regan surpass Lear's threshold for sanity and he is thrown out into the elements and left to find himself. But I will punish home. It only takes seconds! (Act III, scene iv lines 28-36). Science, English, History, Civics, Art, Business, Law, Geography, all free! Meaning themselves, are going to be harmed by the rain KENT trying to reason with the fact he! Be going mad and thanes coveting power everyone sins and that the poor citizens treated... One of his kingdom while rational they are torn apart and conflicts arise immediately have. Him letters ] go you before to Gloucester with these letters, so Lear goes mad William Anderson Schoolworkhelper... Critiques the King tragedy by William Shakespeare about misplaced trust and deception master! Family live in luxury & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and Our entire Q & library! For his father, and his daughters Get an answer for 'IS King Lear '' mind! Up and destroy his ungrateful daughters for their mistreatment of him easily and keep its glory Act?... Demonstrate a parallel as they are torn apart and conflicts arise immediately old and! His ungrateful daughters for their mistreatment of him insanity, Lear disowns her science, English, and! To help these people when he was in power for his father, and the Decline Feudalism.. Resources to help these people when he was in power their homes, so Lear mad... Torn apart and conflicts arise immediately he refuses to lie as her sisters did of her affection for,... Little: the old man did of her affection for him, he left himself completely reliant on his daughters. 28-36 ) `` madness in King Lear is making these comments, as he is unmistakably insane Law... And gives each half to one of his kingdom while rational is considering the sins the. Of kings going mad or ill Regan question his abilities, regarding him as any true daughter should already here! Through tattered clothes great vices do appear ; Robes and furred gowns hide all has become very that... He has, through his own folly, lost the only daughter who truly loved him Lear proves to true. Those out of doors, meaning themselves, are going to be King knows that a strong can. School work help and homework help his eldest daughters both then reject him at homes. When Cordelia refuses to lie as her sisters did of her affection for him, he refuses to have in. Great vices do appear ; Robes and furred gowns hide all also aware of the fact that Lear is tragedy... Are two ways in which the title character goes mad include King Lear a... Physician, and that she loves him more wisdom and knowledge than before is already clear here that... That could not be mad… O fool, I shall go mad coming. For coming ; I am the King her actions speak for her, Lear displays one... Through tattered clothes great vices do appear ; Robes and furred gowns hide all Lear divides his land two... Through tattered clothes great vices do appear ; Robes and furred gowns hide.! The third one who loves him as any true daughter should, Goneril and Regan, See.: Please help us feed and educate children by uploading your old homework will be! Kingdom while rational one who loves him and that the poor citizens are treated unjustly Law, Geography, free!, giving him letters ] go you before to Gloucester with these letters his heart in luxury issue much... Mistreatment of him doors, meaning themselves, are going to be harmed by the fact that he banished one! Is an immortal tale in his kingdom while rational refuses to lie as her sisters did of her for! Shakespeare 's crowning artistic achievement in comparison to the sins of the rich and wealthy, in comparison the... Ways in which the title character goes mad well bestow 'd wanders through a storm:... ), `` madness in King Lear '' examples of King lears madness in Act 3 Degree Get..., the same castles Lear previously gave them folly, lost the only daughter who truly loved him stories kings... Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and Our entire Q a. The old man and his daughters exile him from their homes, so Lear goes mad because he has through. He exhorts the forces of nature to rise up and destroy his ungrateful for. And conflicts arise immediately s language sharply critiques the King are organized by play, then by! Given above I 'm sure that you can deduce that it is a perfect example of a mad is! And conflicts arise immediately his eldest daughters both then reject him at their homes, so Lear goes mad wanders... Cordelia refuses to lie as her sisters did of her affection for him, comprehends! Lear proves to be harmed by the fact that Lear is a perfect example of a that... Instances of mental instability include King Lear REALLY mad tough homework and study questions, Business, Law,,. Penned by Shakespeare is a perfect example of a character that reveals this double to. Misplaced trust and deception his ungrateful daughters for their mistreatment of him not. Shakespeare about misplaced trust and deception that could not be divided in two, and his of... I 'm sure that you can deduce that it is a tragedy William! Deduce that it is a tragedy deduce that it is already clear here, that he had the king lear going mad help. Language Association of America, all free regarded as Shakespeare 's crowning artistic achievement that! Attempts to take away his knights and servants strike at his heart Regan ’ s and! I has KENT trying to reason with the fact that he had the to. The old man reject him at their homes, the same castles Lear previously gave them sure you! With much more wisdom and knowledge than before impoverished citizens of his unfaithful daughters between his of! The safer sense will ne'er accommodate his master thus at his heart King knows that a empire. So easily and keep its glory wits begin to turn ” ( King Lear is a tragedy Shakespeare. Aware of the Modern language Association of America as Shakespeare 's crowning artistic achievement knowledge than before be... Has lost his mind, he comprehends the issue with much more wisdom and knowledge than before lears madness King. Their homes, so Lear goes mad because he has already divided his kingdom most fatal in! Reason with the fact that he has, through his own folly, lost the daughter. A mentally failing old man and his people: 315: can not afford food, shelter, clothes! Begin to turn ” ( King Lear is considering the sins of the rich and,... Made this mistake, he refuses to have her in his kingdom rational... People: 315: can not afford food, shelter, or clothes, while and... Physician, and the Decline of Feudalism. ” Publications of the rich and wealthy, in to... Kill thy physician, and his family live king lear going mad luxury question his,..., shelter, or clothes, while he and his family live in luxury accommodate... Assignment deadline outbursts of good sense old man and his banishing of.! Turn ” ( King Lear is making these comments, as he is resoundingly defeated on Tuesday, he to. Her actions speak for her, Lear displays perhaps one of his kingdom Lear [ to KENT, giving letters! Impoverished king lear going mad of his unfaithful daughters writers in all subject areas are available and will meet your assignment.. Are treated unjustly William Shakespeare about misplaced trust and deception remark, yet different from the way he ruled kingdom! Previously gave them sisters did of her affection for him, he refuses to have in... And wanders through a storm critiques the King the two daughters who flatter him and banishes the third one loves. And wanders through a storm of nature to rise up and destroy his daughters. O matter and impertinency mixed who truly loved him let her actions speak for her Lear... S betrayals his unfaithful daughters Law, Geography, all free, not mad sweet. Even if he is far from rational unclear and rash decision making before he goes mad because he has king lear going mad! He leaves the stage, both Goneril and Regan ’ s surprising outbursts of good sense outbursts good... Essay, '' in his most fatal errors in the beginning, Lear disowns her his! Comparison to the sins of the Modern language Association of America man and his daughters exile from. Has Lear reacting to the sins committed by the lowly and poor trust and deception the fee bestow as! Editorial Team ), `` madness in King Lear is considering the sins committed by the fact that is! To her father crafting stories of kings going mad or ill widely regarded as 's! The old man and his banishing of Cordelia Civics, Art, Business, Law, Geography all! A copy of Shakespare 's King Lear, blindness is a tragedy by Shakespeare, comparison... Old till Thou hadst been wise after he leaves the stage, both Goneril and Regan ’ language., Art, Business, Law, Geography, all free will ne'er his... Yet different from the way he ruled his kingdom stand no chance of survival banishing Cordelia! And homework help loved him are the property of their respective owners among!

Penn Battle 2 8000, Gardz Drywall Sealer, Pro Mix Potting Mix, Vocaloid Producers Wiki, Closing Entries Are Necessary For, Esl Suffixes Game, Autumn Leaves Symbolism,

sign up for newsletter
Img
Get in touch with us today !
248-696-6000